Article: Basic knowledge of leather types and their names based on the material they are made from
Basic knowledge of leather types and their names based on the material they are made from
Leather products are not limited to small accessories but are found in various aspects of our daily lives. However, when we talk about "leather" as a whole, there are various types and uses. This time, I will introduce the basic knowledge of "leather" based on Hallelujah's items.
What different between a cow pelt and cow leather?
A pelt(皮) refers to the skin or hide of an animal. However, it doesn't become a finished product as it is. To prevent it from hardening or decaying, it undergoes a process called "tanning."
There are different types of tanning methods:
- Vegetable Tanning: This method uses tannins derived from plant-based materials.
- Chrome Tanning: This method involves the use of chemical compounds known as chromium salts.
- Combination Tanning: This method combines both vegetable and chrome tanning techniques, depending on the intended purpose.
After the "tanning" process, the treated a cow pelt（皮） becomes leather（革）, which then undergoes further finishing processes to become a final product.
Types of Leather
Now, let's get to the main topic: types of leather. Even though people may have heard of them, surprisingly few may truly grasp their characteristics and the feel of the materials.
It is the most widely used leather material and has been a staple in leather goods for a long time. It has a beautiful finish, is durable, and has a high volume of production. Furthermore, there are variations in names and characteristics based on factors such as age and gender.
Due to its coarse fiber structure and overall thinner composition, it has lower strength compared to cowhide. However, it compensates with a greater degree of flexibility. Its soft and elegant texture is a distinctive feature.
Goat leather is known for its unique surface texture with fine grain patterns. The leather obtained from adult goats is called "Goatskin" or "Goat Skin," while the one from young goats is referred to as "Kid Skin." Goatskin leather is thin but possesses excellent strength due to its dense fiber structure. It is soft, yet durable, and resistant to deformation, making it a distinctive feature of this type of leather.
・All leather long wallet(Goat leather)
Currently not for sale.
Eel leather, also known as eel skin, is known for its smooth and lightweight characteristics. It has greater strength compared to cowhide and has excellent color retention, making it suitable for dyeing in various shades. Eel leather is often used in fashion items due to its desirable qualities.
・Eel Leather Long Wallet
Currently not for sale.
There are still many more types of leather, and it can be challenging to grasp all of them, especially considering the fine distinctions based on the finishing methods. It's a continuous learning process!
However, with the types, tanning methods, and basic knowledge covered in this discussion, you can have a better understanding and make more informed choices when selecting leather products.
Knowing the origin and characteristics of leather can enhance the enjoyment of choosing leather items.
If you're interested in delving deeper into the world of leather, there is a certification exam called "Leather Sommelier" in Japan that might pique your interest.
You can find detailed information about it in this article.
(By Leather Products Information.)